Women’s and Children’s Health in Conflict Settings (BRANCH Consortium)


A Lancet Series, Women’s and Children’s Health in Conflict Settings, discusses the requirements of providing sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition services in conflict settings. Drawing upon scholarship from the BRANCH Consortium, the series provides insights into the nature and dynamics of women’s and children’s health and nutrition in diverse conflict contexts globally. The Series papers articulate a way forward to fill immediate evidence and guidance gaps as well as longer term action to ensure the most effective humanitarian health response for conflict-affected women and children.

Some key findings:

  • At least 630 million women and children worldwide in 2017 were affected by armed conflict, contributing to more than 10 million deaths among children under 5 years of age over 20 years.
  • The changing nature of war increasingly threatens humanitarian access and therefore essential health services for women and children. However,  examples from some countries – including Syria, Pakistan, and Colombia – may provide context-specific innovative ways forward.

The series includes four original research papers and two commentaries: